LCV Daphnids

The lowest acceptable chronic value for daphnids is based on either the geometric mean of the Lowest Observed Effect Concentration and the No Observed Effect Concentration or an extrapolation from 48-hour LC50s using equations from Suter et al (1987) and Suter (1993).

The equations for a daphnid CV for a metallic contaminant is:

Log CV = 0.96 log LC50 1.08 (PI = 1.56)

For a non-metallic contaminant:

Log CV = 1.11 log LC50 1.30 (PI = 1.35)

The LC50 is the lowest species mean 48-hour EC50 for Daphnids. The 95% prediction interval is log CV +- the PI value (95% prediction intervals contain 95% of observations).

Suter, G.W. II and C.L. Tsao 1996. Toxicological benchmarks for screening potential contaminants of concern for effects on aquatic biota: 1996 revision. ES/ER/TM-96/R2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN. (http://www.hsrd.ornl.gov/ecorisk/tm96r2.pdf)

Suter, G.W. II, A.E. Rosen, E. Linder, and D.F. Parkhurst 1987. End points for responses of fish to chronic toxic exposures. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 6:793-809.

Suter, G.W. II. 1993. Ecological Risk Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI.