Dutch Target

Target Values for soil are related to negligible risk for ecosystems. This is assumed to be 1% of the Maximal Permissible Risk (MPR) level for ecosystems, where MPR is the concentration expected to be hazardous for 5% of the species in the ecosystem, or the 95% protection level. For metals, background concentrations are taken into account in arriving at a value. The relationship between soil concentration and irreparable damage to terrestrial species composition and the relationship between soil concentration and adverse effects on microbial and enzymatic processes were derived to quantify the ecotoxicological effects on ecosystems. The ecological Intervention Value is the concentration expected to be hazardous to 50% of the species in the ecosystem. It cannot be assumed that sensitive species will be protected at the Intervention levels. Site concentrations less than Target Values indicate no restrictions necessary; concentrations between Target Values and Intervention Values suggests further investigation or restrictions may be warranted. Site concentrations exceeding the Intervention Value indicate remediation is necessary. Site-specific values based on percent clay and organic matter for metals and percent organic matter for organic compounds may be derived.

Swartjes, F.A. 1999. Risk-based Assessment of Soil and Groundwater Quality in the Netherlands: Standards and Remediation Urgency. Risk Analysis 19(6): 1235-1249

The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environments Circular on target values and intervention values for soil remediation http://www2.minvrom.nl/Docs/internationaal/S_I2000.pdf and Annex A: Target Values, Soil Remediation Intervention Values and Indicative Levels for Serious Contamination http://www2.minvrom.nl/Docs/internationaal/annexS_I2000.pd were also consulted, but they combine the ecological and human health values.]